Business Law

Grafilo v. Cohanshohet (Jan. 22, 2019, B285193) __ Cal.App.5th __ [2019 WL 764036]

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Grafilo v. Cohanshohet (Jan. 22, 2019, B285193) __ Cal.App.5th __ [2019 WL 764036]

Medical Board must demonstrate good cause for production of medical records that overcomes patient privacy rights.

The Medical Board of California received an anonymous complaint alleging that Dr. Kamyar Cohanshohet was prescribing excessive narcotics to his patients. After obtaining a report from the Controlled Substance Utilization Review and Evaluation System (CURES) identifying the amount of controlled substances Dr. Cohanshohet prescribed, a Board investigator identified five patients who were possibly prescribed excess doses. The patients refused to release their medical records. Dr. Cohanshohet asserted his patientsā€™ privacy rights and refused to comply with a subpoena to turn them over. The Board then filed a petition seeking an order compelling production of the records.

At a hearing, the Board presented the CURES report and evidence that the five patients were individually prescribed medications that exceeded normal acceptable doses, and argued that their medical records were necessary to determine if Dr. Cohanshohet had performed adequate medical examinations and obtained proper informed consent for these high-dose prescriptions. In opposition, Dr. Cohanshohet presented evidence that the standards relied upon by the Board were not in effect when prescriptions were issued and were merely guidelines inapplicable to the cancer treatment, palliative care, and end-of-life care patients that Dr. Cohanshotet treated. The trial court granted the petition and Dr. Cohanshohet appealed.

The Court of Appeal reversed, explaining that the Board must demonstrate good cause to compel the production of medical records that overcomes patientsā€™ significant privacy interests. In balancing the Boardā€™s showing against the patientsā€™ privacy interests, the court noted the Board presented no evidence that Dr. Cohanshohet failed to properly examine or diagnose his patients, or that his practice deviated from similarly situated doctors. The court concluded that, absent such evidence, the Board had failed to establish good cause.

The bulletin describing the Court of Appealā€™s decision was originally prepared for the California Society for Healthcare Attorneys (CSHA) by H. Thomas Watson and Peder K. Batalden, Horvitz & Levy LLP, and is republished with permission.

For more information regarding this bulletin, please contact H. Thomas Watson, Horvitz & Levy LLP, at 818-995-0800 or

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