Real Property Law

Cal. Real. Prop. Journal 2018, VOL. 36, NO. 2

The Revolution That Wasn’t: U.S. Supreme Court Refuses to Hear California Court of Appeal Case Upholding Inclusionary Zoning in West Hollywood

Gregg W. Kettles1

Gregg W. Kettles is a Partner at Best Best & Krieger, LLP.


Against the backdrop of a deepening affordable housing crisis in California, the U.S. Supreme Court recently declined to review a decision of the California Court of Appeal upholding the City of West Hollywood’s inclusionary zoning ordinance. The ordinance was challenged by a developer, 616 Croft Ave LLC (the "Developer"), who, after declining to provide the affordable housing units required by the ordinance, paid an in-lieu fee under protest. The Developer filed a lawsuit, claiming that the City’s ordinance is an unconstitutional condition/exaction and that the burden was on the City to prove the "reasonableness" of the fee under the Mitigation Fee Act and other authorities. The trial court ruled for the City and, in a published opinion, the court of appeal affirmed.2

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