The Decay of California’s Prohibition of the Corporate Practice of Medicine
Craig B. Garner
Craig Garner is an attorney and health care consultant, specializing in issues surrounding modern American health care in its current climate of reform. Between 2002 and 2011, Craig was the Chief Executive Officer at Coast Plaza Hospital. Craig is also a Fellow with the American College of Healthcare Executives.
"There is nothing worse than a sharp image of a fuzzy concept."1
In the 1990s, dentists in North Carolina began to whiten teeth.2 A decade later, nondentists across the state began to provide the same services, but at a lower price.3 In 2006, the North Carolina State Board of Dental Examiners (the "N.C. Dental Board") responded by issuing more than 47 cease-and-desist letters to parties whitening teeth without degrees in dentistry, and in 2007 the N.C. Dental Board enlisted the aid of the North Carolina Board of Cosmetic Art Examiners to issue similar warnings, specifically to cosmetologists.4 Their combined efforts were successful, and North Carolina nondentists soon stopped offering teeth whitening services.5